amnesty: Amnesty accuses Russia of war crimes in Kharkiv, killing hundreds

KYIV: Amnesty International on Monday accused Russia war crimes in Ukrainesay that attacks on Kharkivmany people used the banned ball bombs, which killed hundreds of civilians.
The human rights group said in a report on Ukraine’s second largest city: “Repeated bombardment of residential areas in Kharkiv are indiscriminate attacks that have left hundreds of civilians dead and injured. injury, and thus constitute a war crime”.
“This is true for both attacks carried out with cluster munitions (ammunition) as well as attacks carried out with other types of unguided missiles and unguided shells,” it said.
“The continued use of such imprecise explosive weapons in densely populated areas, in the knowledge that they are continuously causing large numbers of civilian casualties, may even lead to attacks against civilians.”
Pardon said it had discovered evidence in Kharkiv of repeated use by Russian forces of 9N210 and 9N235 cluster bombs and landmines, all of which are prohibited by international conventions.
Cluster bombs drop dozens of bombs or grenades into the air, scattering them indiscriminately over hundreds of square meters.
Expandable land mines combine “the worst possible attributes of land-based bombs, cluster munitions, and land mines,” Amnesty said.
Unguided shells have an error of more than 100 meters.
The report, titled “Anyone Can Die Anytime,” details how Russian forces began targeting civilian areas of Kharkiv on the first day of the invasion on 24 February. .
The “non-stop” shelling continued for two months, causing “wholesale destruction” over the city of 1.5 million people.
“People have been killed in their homes and on the streets, playgrounds and cemeteries, while queuing for humanitarian aid or buying food and medicine,” Donatella RoveraAmnesty International Senior Advisor for Crisis Response.
“The repeated use of widely banned cluster munitions is shocking, and a sign of complete disregard for civilian life.
“The Russian forces responsible for these horrific attacks must be held accountable.”
Kharkiv’s military administration told Amnesty that 606 civilians have been killed and 1,248 wounded in the area since the conflict began.
Russia and Ukraine are not parties to the international convention banning cluster munitions and landmines.
But, Amnesty emphasizes, “international humanitarian law prohibits indiscriminate attacks and indiscriminate use of weapons by their very nature.
“The launching of indiscriminate attacks resulting in the death or injury of civilians, or damage to civilian objects, constitutes a war crime.”
One of the witnesses Amnesty spoke to survived cancer, losing only both legs in a Russian bomb attack.
Olena Sorokina57 years old, was outside her building when shrapnel hit her. She lost one leg immediately and the other leg was later amputated.
A neighbor to her was killed on the spot. Her daughter later said shrapnel tore through the building.
“Even if her mother was in her house, she would have been hit by bullets. She had no chance of facing such a bombing,” she said.
Amnesty investigated 41 Russian attacks that left at least 62 people dead and 196 injured. The organization spoke to 160 people in Kharkiv over two weeks in April and May, including survivors, victims’ relatives, witnesses and doctors.
Ukraine says it has launched more than 12,000 war crimes investigations since the war began.

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