Health

Are energy-deprived male athletes at risk for fractures?


Male athletes, including recreational runners, who don’t get enough nutrition and calories to optimize hormones, body composition and bone health, may have an increased risk of bone fractures. due to stress.

According to Melanie S. Haines, MD, of Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston, Mass., undernourished female athletes are at increased risk of low bone density and stress fractures. .

‘The Endocrine Society recognizes a number of risk factors for poor bone health in young men, including low body weight or excessive weight loss, a diet low in calcium, low levels of vitamin D and testosterone, and eating disorders.’

The researchers enrolled 15 male athletes and 16 control male non-athletes, aged 16-30 years. They assessed bone density, body composition, and blood hormone levels.

They see that The bone density of the tibia, or shin bone, was lower in athletes than in controls. This can increase the risk of stress fractures in male runners, which occur in the outer shell of the bone.

Poor bone health in male runners

Lower weight and muscle mass and lower levels of hormones related to fat mass (such as leptin and estrogen) are associated with bone strength in the lower legs.

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“We suspect that a small minority of male runners may not be providing enough nutrients and calories for the body to function at a high level. Undernutrition negatively affects health outcomes. Hormones and bones Getting enough calcium and vitamin D is not enough to pass Haines note.

Hormones are essential for bone health and strength. Abnormal hormone levels can contribute to decreased bone density and increased risk of fractures.

Source: Eurekalert

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