The patients were divided into two categories: 18-59 years old; and people over 60 years old. The team observed an association of diabetes, hypertension or high blood pressure, and kidney failure with the prognosis and mortality of hospitalized patients infected with Covid.
The conditions, at the outset of the pandemic, are associated with the progression of Covid disease to greater severity and risk of death. These have also been linked to longer recovery times.
The findings, published in the journal Molecular and cellular biochemistry, showed that patients with renal failure had the highest severity and mortality, followed by high blood pressure and diabetes.
Compared with older patients with these comorbidities, the severity of Covid infections and mortality rates in younger patients was much higher.
Comorbidities and covid-19 in women
Many studies have reported that men have a higher risk of infection than women. In this study, although the number of male patients hospitalized with Covid (69.6%) was more than double the number of women (30.4%), the risk of infection and death was higher in women.
This occurred even after the same comorbidities were present, the researchers said, with the exception of hypertensive patients.
Dr Vivek said: “Our study shows that the risk of severity of Covid-19 infection in younger patients with underlying comorbidities is at a higher relative risk for severity. morbidity and mortality compared with elderly patients with similar underlying conditions. Ranjan, co-author and chair of the hospital’s Department of Blood Transfusion.
Of the 2,586 patients, 779 (30.1%) required ICU admission, while 1,807 (69.9%) did not.
About 2,269 (87.7%) recovered, while 317 (12.3%) patients died.
“When comparing the impact of multiple comorbidities with the severity of Covid-19 infection, it was found that the presence of comorbidities was associated with a higher risk of ICU admission. As the number of comorbidities increased increased, the risk of Covid-19 infection also increased significantly,” said Dr. DS Rana, co-author and Chair, Department of Nephrology.