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Beijing: China capital Beijing experiences first population decline since 2003



BEIJING: Mortality rate in China’s capital Beijing surpassed the birth rate in 2022, official data showed on Tuesday, pushing the country’s natural population growth into negative territory for the first time since 2003.
The death rate in the city of 21.84 million people, one of the country’s most populous urban centers, rose to 5.72 deaths per 1,000 people, while the birth rate fell to 5.67 births per 1,000 people, official statistics released by the Beijing government show.
Beijing’s population decline is in line with national trends, with China’s population last year falling for the first time in six decades, weighed down by rising costs of living, especially in cities. as large, as large as Beijing, weak economic growth and changing attitudes towards raising a family.
“These numbers are expected, especially for Beijing,” said Tu Kien Pengsenior research fellow at Policy Research Center In University of Victoria IN Australia.
She said the birth rate in Beijing and other cities and provinces is calculated based on the number of permanent residents excluding the migrant population.
“Given the high cost of living and education and education levels in Beijing, it is very normal for the birth rate of permanent residents to be low,” she said, adding that Beijing’s figures are in line with the figures. national average.
In early December, the nationwide lifting of strict restrictions on Covid-19 caused a wave of infections and caused countless deaths.
Beijing’s natural population growth was negative 0.05 per 1,000 people last year.
The data is based on a sample survey that began November 1, according to a footnote in the release, which did not specify how long the survey lasted.
China’s birth rate last year was 6.77 births per 1,000 people, the lowest in history, while the country’s death rate, the highest since 1974, was 7.37 births per 1,000 people.
Worried about China’s shrinking population, political advisers to the government have made more than 20 recommendations to increase the birth rate, although experts say the best they can do is slow down population decline.

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