Burden of diabetes increasing among young population in India, says ICMR; lists key triggers and managements

ICMR recommends dividing your entire daily calorie intake into 6-7 meals, including 3 main meals and 3-4 snacks. “Generally speaking, representative

Breakfast with 20% of total calorie needs, lunch and dinner with 25-30% and each snack with 10% of daily calorie input,” it said.

ICMR makes nutritional recommendations for people with type 1 diabetes. According to ICMR guidelines, the recommended carbohydrate intake is 50-55% of total calories; Too much can hinder growth.

It also says that in parts of the country, mainly South India and East India, where simple carbohydrates are an essential part of the diet, the consumption of complex carbohydrates should be encouraged to make up at least 70 % of total carbohydrates. .

The Health Research Foundation advises people to have healthy food sources of carbohydrates such as whole-grain breads and cereals/millet, legumes (peas, beans and lentils), fruits, vegetables and other foods. low-fat dairy products.

It also recommends having 14 g of fiber per 1000 kcal. “Recommended daily fat intake is up to 30% of total calories. Infants and children under two years of age can have up to 35% higher daily fat intake,” it says about including fat. in the diet.

While the recommended protein intake is 15-20% of calorie needs, it can be calculated as 2 g/kg at one year, 1 g/kg at ten years old to 0.8-0.9 g/kg at age juvenile.

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