Monkeypox Cases: 780 cases of monkeypox reported or identified as of June 2; WHO | World News

US / GENEVA: Total 780 laboratory-confirmed cases of monkey pox have been reported or identified as of 13 May and as of 2 June from 27 countries across four WHO regions where monkeypox virus is not endemic, World Health Organization said.
The UN health agency said that while epidemiological investigations are ongoing, most cases reported to date have been presented through sexual health or other health services in hospitals. primary or secondary health care settings and primarily involving men who have sex with men (MSM).
Although the West African virus group has been identified from case samples to date, most confirmed cases with travel history indicate they have traveled to countries in Europe and North America. , but not West or Central Africa where monkeypox virus circulates.
“Confirmation of monkeypox in people who have not been in endemic areas is atypical, and even a case of monkeypox in an endemic country is considered an outbreak. While most cases are not related to travel from endemic areas, Member States also report a small number of cases of travelers from Nigeria, as previously observed. ” it said on Sunday.
The countries endemic for monkeypox are Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon, Ghana (specified in animals only), Cote d’Ivoire, Liberia, Nigeria, Republic of the Congo and Sierra Leone . Benin and South Sudan have recorded imports in the past. The WHO says the countries currently reporting cases in the West African group are Cameroon and Nigeria.
The sudden and unexpected emergence of simultaneous monkeypox in several non-endemic countries suggests that there may have been undetected transmission for an indefinite period followed by other events. recent amplification event.
WHO assesses the risk at the global level as moderate as this is the first time many monkey smallpox case and clusters are reported simultaneously in non-endemic countries and endemic in widely different WHO geographic regions.
WHO said it continues to receive updates on the situation in countries with outbreaks. As of June 2, 780 laboratory-confirmed cases have been reported to WHO under the International Health Regulations (IHR) or identified by WHO from officially public sources in 27 countries not endemic in four WHO Regions. This represents an increase of 523 laboratory-confirmed cases (+203%) since the May 29 Disease Outbreak Bulletin, when a total of 257 cases were reported.
As of June 2, there have been no deaths related to the current monkeypox outbreak in non-endemic countries, however, cases and deaths continue to be reported. from endemic countries.
While investigations are ongoing, preliminary data from polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays indicate that monkeypox virus strains detected in Europe and other non-endemic areas belong to West African tribe.
The majority of cases are reported from the WHO European Region (20 Countries). Confirmed cases have also been reported from the Americas Region, Eastern Mediterranean Region and Western Pacific Region.
In addition to cases reported or identified in non-endemic countries, WHO continues to receive updates on ongoing monkeypox outbreaks in endemic countries in the Asia-Pacific region. Africa through established surveillance mechanisms (Integrated Disease Surveillance and React). From January to June 1, 2022, 1408 suspected cases and 44 confirmed cases including 66 deaths were reported from seven endemic countries.
WHO says it continues to support information sharing about this monkeypox outbreak. Clinical and public health incident response has been activated at WHO and in multiple Member States to coordinate comprehensive case detection, contact tracing, laboratory investigations, clinical management, isolation, and implement infection prevention and control measures.

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