Overweight women are at higher risk of developing long-term symptoms of COVID-19

Professor Vassilios Vassiliou, from the UEA’s Norwich Medical School, said: “Protracted COVID-19 is a complex condition that develops during or after COVID and it is classified as such when symptoms continue for a period of time. over 12 weeks Just over two million people in the UK are thought to have long-term symptoms of COVID and it affects people in different ways Shortness of breath, cough, heart palpitations, headache and fatigue Severe fatigue is one of the most common symptoms.Other symptoms can include chest pain or tightness, brain fog, insomnia, dizziness, joint pain, depression and anxiety, ringing in the ears, loss of appetite , headaches, and changes in smell or taste.”

In 2020, the team evaluated patients in Norfolk who had a positive PCR test for COVID-19. An online survey was completed by 1,487 participants who reported long-term symptoms such as shortness of breath, chest pain, exhaustion, memory problems, and anxiety. They found that more than half of the subjects (774 of them) had at least one persistent COVID-19 symptom, indicating a significant self-report prevalence.


Next, they examined the medical records of individuals to determine which traits would make people more or less likely to develop the disease. BMI, gender, medication use, other health issues and whether they reside in an impoverished area were all considered.

Professor Vassiliou said: “We show that more than half of survey participants who tested positive for COVID in the East of England during the first year of the pandemic reported COVID symptoms. All of these people were infected in the months before the COVID vaccination program was launched, and they suffered many new symptoms that did not appear before they were infected with COVID.” “We found that women had COVID symptoms longer than men. It was also found that having a higher BMI was associated with longer COVID exposure. This is really important because the information is Information like this can be used to profile people who are ‘at risk’ of developing persistent COVID, and people with persistent COVID are three times more likely to use healthcare services than with people who don’t show persistent COVID symptoms.”

He added: “We hope that our work will help policymakers plan for local services and also inform the wider public about the scale of the COVID-19 pandemic. long”. Dr Mark Lim, interim services director for the Norfolk and Waveney Integrated Care Council, said: “When COVID-19 hits, everyone is new. All clinicians and systems are in place. broader health and care have come together to work incredibly hard to respond to the effects of the virus and protect our people and communities.”

“Our academic colleagues at the University of East Anglia have been of great assistance to local healthcare organizations in identifying local patients at prolonged risk of COVID, allowing us to do everything we can to support them on their recovery journey.”

Long-term Covid symptoms

People with persistent post-COVID (or COVID) problems may have many symptoms that persist for weeks or even months after infection. Symptoms may even disappear or reappear occasionally.

WHO data also support other research findings that women are more likely to have persistent COVID syndrome than men. According to the model, women are twice as likely to have sustained COVID-19 than men. In addition to gender, older age and active smoking were found to be associated with a higher likelihood of developing “persistent COVID” syndrome, but not with acute illness severity (first Trusted Source
Female gender is associated with persistent COVID syndrome: a prospective cohort study

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Rate of obesity in women

There is a global obesity epidemic. Rates of overweight and obesity among men and women vary widely within and between countries, with more obese women on average than men.

Women in less developed countries, especially in Africa, have larger gender disparities in overweight and obesity. According to the present study, many social factors around the world underlie gender differences in excessive weight gain. Gender disparities in food consumption are influenced by a variety of circumstances, and women often report eating healthier foods and eating more sugary foods than men.2 Trusted Source
Global sex disparities in obesity: a review

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Why do women and men store fat differently?

Women’s apparent ability to store fat more efficiently than men, despite eating proportionally fewer calories, has puzzled scientists for years. While female sex hormones have long been hypothesized, research shows that the hormone ‘oestrogen’ has a major impact on fat storage (3 Trusted Source
Sex differences in body weight regulation

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Obesity is often blamed on unhealthy eating habits and inactivity, but it’s not always so simple. Other factors, some beyond a person’s control, can have a significant impact on body weight and obesity.

Many factors, many of which are beyond your control, contribute to obesity, including genetics, childhood habits, medical problems, hormones, hunger hormones potent, leptin resistance, poor nutritional knowledge and the influence of gut bacteria (4 Trusted Source
The obesity epidemic: challenges, health initiatives and implications for gastroenterologists

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Although becoming overweight or obese is not a decision and losing extra weight is difficult, you can lose weight if you want, which can help you manage symptoms of a viral infection such as: COVID-19 is much better and avoids the long-term symptoms of a COVID-19 infection.

Presenter :

  1. Female gender is associated with persistent COVID syndrome: a prospective cohort study – (
  2. Global sex disparities in obesity: a review – (
  3. Sex differences in body weight regulation – (
  4. The obesity epidemic: challenges, health initiatives and implications for gastroenterologists – (

Source: Medindia


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