Possibility of enlarging UNSC seriously on table: UN chief Antonio Guterres

UN: UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres thinks the possibility of expansion Security Council is currently “seriously on the table” but expressed pessimism that the veto will be questioned.
Guterres made the remark while speaking to reporters during his year-end annual conference in New York on Monday.
He was answering a question about United Nations Security Council reforms to make the powerful world body more suitable for dealing with crises such as the Ukraine war.
“The central questions concern the composition of the Security Council and the veto. Now this is a matter for member states, the Secretariat has no influence in these negotiations,” Guterres said. speak.
“I think during our General Assembly session in September, I heard for the first time from the United States and from Russia a clear indication that they were in favor of expanding the permanent membership of the Council. Security,” he said.
He added that there had been a proposal from France and the UK before for some restrictions on the use of the veto.
“But I remain pessimistic about the possibility of a veto being seriously questioned,” he said.
The head of the United Nations added that reforming the Security Council requires two-thirds of the votes of the General Assembly plus five votes in favor of the permanent members of the Security Council – China, France, Russia, UK and US.
“So I think there is now space for a much more serious discussion regarding the reform of the Security Council. I think the possibility of expanding the Security Council is currently being seriously discussed. I still not optimistic about the veto,” he said.
Last week, Guterres tweeted that “The majority of UN member states now acknowledge that the Security Council should be reformed to reflect today’s geopolitical reality. I hope regional groups and states sectors can work together to reach greater consensus on the way forward and the modalities of reform.”

Last week, the Foreign Minister S Jaishankar chaired a special event at the Security Council on reformed multilateralism, asserting that while the reform debate was going on aimlessly, the real world for the moment had changed. significant change and reform that is the need of the times.
A concept note circulated by India before Security Council The meeting said that UN reform had been left open without a fixed timeline and that the Security Council did not reflect true diversity.
“The world is not the same as it was 77 years ago. The 193 member states of United Nation more than triple the 55 member states it had in 1945. However, the composition of the Security Council, responsible for global peace and security, was last fixed in 1965. and far from reflecting the true diversity of the broader membership of the United States. Countries,” noted the said concept.
India on 1 December assumed the position of the Monthly Rotating Chair of the Security Council, for the second time after August 2021, India as the Council President for a two-year term as an elected member. election of the UN Security Council.
India, whose term of 2021-2022 on the Council ends on December 31, has been at the forefront of efforts to call for urgent reform of the Security Council, which remains deeply divisive over the current challenges.
India has asserted that the Council, in its current form, does not reflect today’s geopolitical reality and its credibility is at risk if nations such as developing powers like India There is not a fixed seat at the judgment table.
During the press conference, Guterres said: “We have made a lot of reforms in the areas that are the responsibility of the UN Secretariat and agencies. And I think the effectiveness of the response relates to the aftermath. The humanitarian consequences of war demonstrate that such reforms have been implemented. positive”.
He said that UN national teams are working in a much better and more effective way today than they were just a few years ago.
“There are UN reforms going on. But of course, the important aspect being discussed concerns the reform of the Security Council. And I would say, the revival of the General Assembly and the consolidation of it. ECOSOC.
“Now, we’ve seen some important progress in reviving the General Assembly. Let’s not forget that now any veto in the Security Council leads to discussion in the General Assembly. council and explain the reason for the veto. This is a very important decision.” important change in the relationship between the two bodies,” he said.


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