“Eczema is a broad term that describes an inflammatory skin condition that can be red, dry, itchy, or flaky,” says Dr. “Despite some similarities and overlapping features, there are many different types of eczema that are often defined by specific location, form, and triggers.” In addition, it is possible to experience more than one type of eczema at the same time.
Know that regardless of the type, eczema can range from mild to severe, and it’s always helpful to consult a board-certified dermatologist.
“All types of eczema have the potential to be severe, where although the skin manifestations may not be severe, itching is associated, particularly atopic dermatitis, eczema, and neurodermatitis. Menopause and contact dermatitis can disrupt sleep and quality of life.” she speaks. “In general, all forms of eczema can benefit from a doctor’s intervention as prescription creams may often be needed to calm the associated inflammation.” Learn about the different types of eczema below.
7 different types of eczema explained by dermatologists
1. Atopic dermatitis
“Atopic dermatitis is the most common type of eczema and most people think of when they use the term eczema,” says Dr. “It’s a skin condition that manifests as red, dry, and itchy skin that affects babies, children and adults. Rubbing or scratching can actually make it worse, which is why This is why it is often called the ‘itchy rash’.Although it can appear anywhere, it is especially common in the folds of the knees and elbows, also known as the flexor zone. can be related to asthma or allergies and has a genetic component. While it’s manageable, for many people it’s considered a chronic condition.”
2. Contact dermatitis
“Contact dermatitis is a type of eczema caused by skin contact with something that can cause a reaction, which can be allergic or irritating,” says Dr. “Although it may appear red, flaky, and be associated with itching, it can also be associated with blisters. [that look like] poison ivy. Although contact dermatitis can occur anywhere on the body, it often develops in sites of particular contact with allergens or irritants, with the most common areas being the eyes or hands. . patch testing to identify any specific allergens to avoid them,” she says.
3. Sweaty Eczema
“Mostly affecting the hands or feet, this condition appears as small bubbles or blisters that can be very itchy. It may be more common in people who wash their hands frequently or out,” Dr. excessive sweating in the hands or feet”. .Garshick. “It can help to avoid prolonged exposure to water, which means wearing gloves when washing dishes and washing hands only when necessary. Additionally, it can help to regularly apply hand moisturizer, which I often tell my patients. can be done after each hand wash.” She says to use ointments and thick creams rather than thinner ones, but notes that “any moisturizer is better than no moisturizer at all.”
Neurodermatitis is a form of next-generation eczema that occurs when you scratch too much on an existing eczema, it changes your skin. “Often limited to a few areas, in neurodermatitis, the skin is so itchy that persistent scratching can lead to changes in the skin, which can include thickening of the skin,” says Dr. “. “It usually occurs in accessible areas like the ankles, hands, wrists, forearms and scalp. If you break the itch-scratch cycle, the skin condition can improve. “
To break the cycle and prevent dry skin, Dr. Garshick says take short showers, use warm water, and moisturize. “The drier the skin, the more it itch. And since itching is a core part of neurodermatitis, anything to reduce the likelihood of itching can be helpful,” she says. “Also, keeping fingernails short can help prevent scabs or cuts when scratching. I often advise my patients, who feel like scratching, to keep a cream or ointment nearby and try to rub it in. cream on the itchy area, instead of scratching.” She adds that this form of eczema can benefit from certain systemic medications such as injections and oral medications.
5. Indigo coins
She says: “This type of eczema shows up as disc- or circular ‘coin-like’ patches on the body. “It usually occurs in dry skin and can be accompanied by itching and burning. Although it responds well to treatment, it can come back.”
Since it’s often associated with dry skin, “it’s especially important to remember to moisturize the skin, preferably a cream or ointment, rather than a lotion to help retain moisture,” says Dr. Garshick. “If it doesn’t improve, it’s best to talk to a board-certified dermatologist to see if it requires a prescription or if it’s related to a skin allergy or whether it’s could be another diagnosis.”
6. Seborrheic Dermatitis
“This type of eczema can affect the scalp, face, chest and groin, often appearing in areas where there are many sebaceous glands,” says Dr. “It can show up as dandruff, flaking, or it can be accompanied by redness and itchiness. While some treatments can be similar to other types of eczema in that you use topical steroids, you can’t do that. it may also benefit from antifungal treatments such as antifungal shampoos to reduce yeast that may be driving the process.”
7. Stasis dermatitis
“This type of eczema usually occurs on the lower legs and is the result of poor blood circulation in the lower legs, which can cause leg swelling and can appear as red, flaky patches,” says Dr. and dryness related to the skin of the lower legs”. .Garshick. “In this case, it is important not only to treat the skin but also the underlying cause of the swelling in the legs.” In addition, it may also help to wear compression stockings to reduce leg swelling.
Best product to use when treating all seven types of eczema
While some treatments for eczema may look the same regardless of its type, that’s not true on a large scale. Depending on the type of eczema you are experiencing, there may be a different approach to treatment that is more effective than conventional atopic dermatitis.
“Because it can be difficult to tell the different types of eczema apart, it’s best to check with a board-certified dermatologist to develop a diagnosis and treatment plan,” says Dr. She says that sometimes, dermatologists perform skin biopsies to determine the type. “For all seven types of eczema, there are treatment options that a doctor can prescribe or perform, which may include topical creams or ointments such as topical steroids or non-steroids, oral medications, whether light therapy or injections.
That said, as long as you keep in mind the specific care notes for your type (or types) or eczema, you can stick to a general eczema care routine. “Many forms of eczema benefit from products that are gentle on the skin, products that moisturize, and those that fortify and support the skin barrier,” says Dr. Shop some of her favorites below.
CeraVe Moisturizer — $18.00
Dr. Garishick loves this thick cream from CeraVe. It is made with three different types of ceramides, which help to breathe the skin barrier to retain moisture, along with hyaluronic acid to hydrate and soothe the skin.
Vanicream Anti-Dandruff Shampoo — $16.00
This anti-dandruff shampoo is specifically designed for people with sensitive skin, which is what Vanicram is known for as a brand. “For people with sensitivities to certain ingredients who are treating different types of eczema, Vanicream offers products formulated without common allergens,” says Dr.
Roof Humidifier — $150.00
Garshick says using a humidifier can also help prevent dry skin. This one from Canopy releases an ultra-fine and hygienic mist that keeps your air optimally humidified so your skin doesn’t dry out.
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