BERLIN – A UN-backed panel will release on Monday a much-anticipated scientific report on international efforts to curb climate change before global temperatures reach dangerous levels.
The reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change are considered to be the most authoritative assessments of global warming, its impacts and the measures being taken to tackle it.
Negotiations between the government and scientists to finalize the summary for policymakers have extended past the original deadline until late Sunday, pushing back its planned publication by several hours.
Governments agreed in the 2015 Paris agreement to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit) this century. But with temperatures already 1.1 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial baselines, many experts say that can only be achieved through drastic cuts in greenhouse gas emissions.
The cut-off point for the data in the report was last fall, which means the impact of the war in Ukraine and subsequent sanctions on Russia was not included by the authors.
Rouven Stubbe, an analyst at consulting firm Berlin Economics, who was not involved in the report, said there is a risk that geopolitical and economic instability due to conflict could disrupt efforts to reduce emissions.
“I think the difficult thing will be politically, we have to stay political,” he said. “Especially now with energy prices as high as they are today, there’s been a lot of talk that we should relax the (European) emissions trading system,” encouraging companies to avoid forms of energy. amount of heavy pollution.
Last August, the IPCC said human-caused climate change was “a proven fact” and warned that some effects of global warming were inevitable. In March, the council released a report outlining how further temperatures would multiply the risk of floods, storms, droughts and heatwaves around the world.
The head of the organization’s UN Climate Office, Patricia Espinosa, told The Associated Press in a recent interview.
“In some cases, it has confirmed that some consequences are happening earlier than previously thought,” she said. “Unfortunately, what I think we’re going to see is, again, an urgent and determined and transformative call to action.”
Last week, United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres appointed a 16-member panel to scrutinize the emissions reduction commitments of companies, cities and regions amid concerns that they are not do what they claim to do.
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