What’s Zelenskyy’s 10-point formula to end Ukraine war?

Ukraine Chairperson Volodymyr Zelenskyy told Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi that he expects New Delhi’s support for his 10-point peace plan to end war with Russia. With the bloodiest conflict in Europe since World War II now in its 11th month, the two sides have been urged to end hostilities through dialogue and diplomacy. Now the President of Russia Putin expressed a willingness to come to the negotiating table, here’s what Zelenskyy Suggested:

  1. Radiation & Nuclear Safety: Russia’s nuclear arsenal has raised concerns during the war, but the worst fears revolve around the fate of Europe’s largest nuclear power plant at Zaporizhia in southern Ukraine. The plant, now under Russian control and in a decommissioned mode for several months, lies unsettled in an area that regularly faces intense shelling. Zelenskyy is seeking to demilitarize and secure against attacks on Zaporizhzhia and other Ukrainian nuclear plants.
  2. Food safety: A global food crisis caused by war led to an “unprecedented agreement” brokered by the United Nations and Turkiye in July, allowing Ukraine to export its agricultural products from Black Sea ports through a protected corridor. But the Black Sea Grains Initiative, which also allows Russian food and fertilizer access to global markets, is a special measure that requires renewal every 120 days. Therefore, Ukraine is looking for a long-term solution to be able to safely transport agricultural shipments without periodic agreements with Moscow.
  3. Energy security: Russia has destroyed at least 40% of Ukraine’s energy facilities since the war began, and has stepped up attacks on such targets as winter sets in. As Ukraine looks to deal with more emergency power outages in the cut-throat cold, Zelenskyy wants reassurance that Russia won’t hinder or further damage its ability to supply its people with energy. of his country.
  4. Release all prisoners of war who are deported: Up to 1.6 million Ukrainians are believed to have been forcibly deported to Russia since the invasion began in February, with Moscow accused of engaging in the “forcible transfer or deportation of protected person from the occupied territory to the occupier’s territory”. Zelenskyy has called for the “return of all prisoners of war and deportees” held by Russia but experts say that while the prisoner swaps are taking place, the removal of deportees Returning may be more difficult.
  5. Implement the United Nations Charter, restore territorial integrity and world order: Despite their differences, Ukraine considers Russia’s invasion to be a violation of the United Nations Charter as it is tantamount to “the annexation of the territory of one country by another state as a result of the threat or use of force”. force”. Zelenskyy sought to restore the territory annexed by Russia to Kiev’s control. Experts say that includes territory – like Crimea – annexed before Moscow’s invasion in February.
  6. Withdrawing Russian troops, ending hostilities: Before the invasion, Moscow is said to have deployed more than 1,500,000 fighters to the Ukrainian front. Furthermore, Putin is said to have ordered an increase in the size of the Russian military during the war. Zelenskyy has sought to completely withdraw all Russian warplanes from Ukrainian territory and cease hostilities in order to avoid any unpleasant ceasefire that does not force the withdrawal of troops.
  7. Justice, War and Reparations Court: Ukrainian officials said in September that they had documented 34,000 potential war crimes committed by Russian forces and claimed that mass burial sites had been found across the territory won from control. Russian control. In addition, the Ministry of Justice of Ukraine said that it is recording the damage caused by Russia for the purpose of claiming compensation. But any reparation mechanism and war crimes tribunal would require the global community to put concerted pressure on Moscow and that could make it difficult for Kyiv to achieve its goals in the matter. this.
  8. Resistant to biocides: The inclusion of ecological impact as a major factor may be unprecedented in peace negotiations, but Zelenskyy sought to highlight the damage to the environment caused by war. Reports say the fighting has resulted in forests being ravaged by shelling and poison seeping into the soil from bomb craters. But experts point out that it is “unrealistic to expect any meaningful agreement” around this aspect.
  9. Security: Preventing Nato from entering Ukraine and preventing Kiev from being friendly with the European Union are the main factors behind Russia’s ‘special operation’ against the country. But with the war making it difficult for Ukraine to grasp such protective alliances, Zelenskyy is looking for assurances that will ensure that it does not have to live in constant fear of Russian aggression.
  10. End of War Confirmation: This step will be the freeze on peaceful resolution and will come when the two sides successfully resolve all their outstanding issues. Even so, this “final, official step” would be necessary to assure the world that the war was indeed over.

Source: Newspapers,
parleypolicy. com Text: Kenneth Mohanty


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